Examining Religious and Justice System in Indonesia to Prevent Cyberbullying


  • Rahmida Erliyani Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, Banjarmasin, Indonesia


cyberbullying, religious, justice system, ideology


Researchers have given a lot of attention to the relationship between religion and crime, finding that religion tends to have a deterring influence on crime-related attitudes and  behaviors. This paper first examined the relationship between religiosity and  cyberbullying, then ascertained how justice system could prevent cyberbullying behavior, through social and educational initiatives. The data was collected through normative juridical methods to provide a constructive understanding of the perspective of criminal law related to cyberbullying. It was revealed that the constitutional law took cognizance of cyberbullying, more than the religious laws, to curb cyberbullying in  Indonesia on the pretext that cybercrimes took place in the cyberspace and not in real  public. The findings also revealed an absence of the religious laws, and the increase in  the cyber-sectarian conflict in Indonesia, where social media and other websites are indulged in slander and hoax with a view to insult Islamic leaders and their groups based on their religious affiliations, faith or ethnicity. Like the West and other developed nations, Indonesia has also thus witnessed cyber bullying and cybercrime incidents  targeting individuals belonging to a particular religion, faith or ideology. The justice institutions and Ministry of Religious Affairs (Kementerian Agama) made several  attempts to prevent this but the absence of robust religious laws were felt. The study  concluded with recommending to take fresh insight into cyberbullying and its  combating legal measures in the Indonesian religious justice system, appropriately  aided by social and community initiatives.