International Journal of Cyber Criminology

                             ISSN: 0974 – 2891                                                     

About the Journal
Current Issue
Previous Issue
Submission Guidelines
Peer Review

Scopus Impact Metrics


SCImago Journal & Country Rank














Virtual Forum Against Cybercrime (VFAC), KIC & UNODC


The Society for the Policing of Cyberspace

Norwich University Center for Advanced Computing and Digital Forensics



 Cyber Crimes against Women in India

Authors: Debarati Halder and K. Jaishankar

Publisher: SAGE



Research Agenda: The Human Factor In Cybercrime and Cybersecurity


Editor: Rutger Leukfeldt

Publisher: Eleven International Publishing



Cyber Criminology

Editor: K. Jaishankar

Publisher: CRC Press, Taylor and Franics Group



Cyber Crime and Victimization of Women

Authors: Debarati Halder and K. Jaishankar

Publisher: IGI Global



Online Crime

Editor: Thomas J. Holt

Publisher: Carolina Academic Press



Crimes of the Internet

Editors: Frank Schmalleger and Michael Pittaro

Publisher: Pearson



Cyber Crime

Author: David S. Wall

Publisher: Polity Press



International Journal of Cyber Criminology


IJCC - July - December 2020


Volume: 14 Issue: 2




Fighting Cybercrime: A Review of the Irish Experience
Catherine Friend, Lorraine Bowman Grieve, Jennifer Kavanagh and Marek Palace  


Hate Speech Propaganda from and against Muslims in Facebook Posts
Clara Herlina Karjo and Andreas Ng


Defining Cybercrime in Terms of Routine Activity and Spatial Distribution: Issues and Concerns
Troy Smith
and Nikolaos Stamatakis


Rising Trend of Phishing Attacks on Corporate Organisations in Cross River State, Nigeria

John Thompson Okpa, Benjamin Okorie Ajah, and Joseph Egidi Igbe  


Netflix as a Piracy Disruptor? A Cross-Sectional Test of Accessibility and Affordability on Interest in Piracy
David Makin and Oliver Bowers   


Not Your Typical Social Media Influencer: Exploring the Who, What, and Where of Islamic State Online Propaganda
Megan Stubbs-Richardson, Jessica Hubbert, Sierra Nelson, Audrey Reid, Taylor Johnson, Gracyn Young, and Alicia Hopkins 


Global Surge in Cybercrimes – Indian Response and Empirical Evidence on Need for a Robust Crime Prevention System
Mohammed Shamiulla Arab


Relationship between Religious Identity and Cyberbullying: The Case Study of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran
Seid Mahdi Seidzadeh Sani and Zahra Farhadi Alashti



IJCC - January - June 2020


Volume: 14 Issue: 1


Special Article


Why has it been so difficult to Counteract Cyber Crime in Nigeria? Evidence from an Ethnographic Study
Olayinka Akanle and Babajide Richard Shadare  


Assessing the Impact of Civil Gang Injunctions on the Use of Online Media by Criminal Street Gangs
Jared R. Dmello and Gisela Bichler


From a Vulnerability Search to a Criminal Case: Script Analysis of an SQL Injection Attack
Anna Leppänen, Tero Toiviainen and Terhi Kankaanranta


Disciplinary and Interdisciplinary Trends in Cybercrime Research: An Examination

Brian K. Payne and Lora Hadzhidimova     


The Impact of Low Self-control on Past and Future Cyber Offending
Brooke Nodeland and Robert Morris   


Sexual Behaviours in Indecent Images of Children: A Content Analysis
Ricardo Tejeiro, Laurence Alison, Emma Hendricks, Susan Giles, Matthew Long and David Shipley    


Understanding Target Suitability in Cyberspace: An International Comparison of Cyber Victimization Processes
Fernando Miró-Llinares, Jacqueline Drew and Michael Townsley


Cybercrime in Vietnam: An Analysis based on Routine Activity Theory
Trong Van Nguyen


Factors Associating with Social Media related Crime Victimization: Evidence from the Undergraduates at a Public University in Sri Lanka
Suresh Nalaka and Hemantha Diunugala


Examining the Effect of Victimization Experience on Fear of Cybercrime: University Students’ Experience of Credit/Debit Card Fraud
Mohammed A. Abdulai


A Basic Principle of Physical Security and Its Link to Cybersecurity
Seungmug (Zech) Lee


Cyberharassment Awareness Course (Cybac): Influences from Domestic Abuse Perpetrator Programmes for its Design and Functions
Liesl Conradie, Melanie Pitchford, Ellie Myers, James Barnes and Emma Short


Harmful Discourse on Social Media: The Triggering Factors of Persecution Acts in Post-Truth Era
Bagus Sudarmanto and Adrianus Meliala


The Myanmar Conflict: A Role of Cyberspace in Counterinsurgency
Jan Kleiner and Ondřej Šupka


Gender, Self-Control, and Opportunity: Applying the General Theory of Crime to Online Harassment
Jaeyong Choi and Nathan E. Kruis


Pattern of Cybercrime Awareness in Imo State, Nigeria: An Empirical Assessment
Ogochukwu Favour Nzeakor, Bonaventure N. Nwokeoma and Peter-Jazzy Ezeh


African Insurance (Spiritualism) and the Success Rate of Cybercriminals in Nigeria: A Study of the Yahoo Boys in Ilorin, Nigeria
Isiaka Monsurat


Needs Assessment of Cybercrime and Digital Evidence in a UK Police Force
Z. Cliffe Schreuders, Tom Cockcroft, Emlyn Butterfield, John Elliott, Mohammad Shan-A-Khuda and Ahmad Ryad Soobhany


Effective Information Security Strategies for Small Business
Lisa Lee Bryan


What's in a Name? Using Words' Uniqueness to Identify Hackers in Brute Force Attacks
Amit Rechavi and Tamar Berenblum



What is Cyber Criminology?  Who is the Founding Father? Who coined the term?

Cyber Criminology is a multidisciplinary field that encompasses researchers from various fields such as Criminology, Victimology, Sociology, Internet Science, and Computer Science. Jaishankar (2007) is the Founding Father of the academic discipline Cyber Criminology and he coined and defined Cyber Criminology as “the study of causation of crimes that occur in the cyberspace and its impact in the physical space”. Jaishankar (2007) academically coined the term Cyber Criminology for two reasons. First, the body of knowledge that deals with cyber crimes should not be confused with investigation and be merged with cyber forensics; second, there should be an independent discipline to study and explore cyber crimes from a social science perspective. Since the launch of the International Journal of Cyber Criminology, the term Cyber Criminology has taken its academic roots in the online as well as offline academic circles.


Aim and Scope

International Journal of Cyber Criminology (IJCC) is a peer reviewed online (open access) interdisciplinary journal (Established: 2007) published biannually and devoted to the study of cyber crime, cyber criminal behavior, cyber victims, cyber laws and cyber policy. IJCC is an unique Diamond open access, not for profit international journal, where the author(s) need not pay article processing charges / page charges and it is totally free for both the authors and the audience.  IJCC will focus  on all aspects of cyber/computer crime: Forms of Cyber Crime, Impact of cyber crimes in the real world, Policing Cyber space,  International Perspectives of Cyber Crime, Developing cyber safety policy,  Cyber Victims, Cyber Psychopathology, Geographical aspects of Cyber crime, Cyber offender behavior, cyber crime law, Cyber Pornography, Privacy & Anonymity on the Net, Internet Fraud and Identity Theft, Mobile Phone Safety, Human Factor of Cyber Crime and Cyber Security and Policy issues, Online Gambling, Copyright and Intellectual property Law. As the discipline of Cyber Criminology approaches the future, facing the dire need to document the literature in this rapidly changing area has become more important than ever before. The IJCC will be a nodal centre to develop and disseminate the knowledge of cyber crimes primarily from a social science perspective to the academic and lay world. The journal publishes theoretical, methodological, and applied papers, as well as book reviews. We do not publish highly technical cyber forensics / digital forensics papers and papers of descriptive /  overview nature.


Open Access

The International Journal of Cyber Criminology (IJCC) believes that knowledge is open to all and it should be freely accessible. IJCC makes all content freely available to all researchers worldwide, ensuring maximum dissemination of content through its website. IJCC not only provides its contents free, but also does not charge its authors. IJCC also supports Create Change in promoting the concept of open access.


Journal Ranking / Impact (h-index / SCImago Journal Rank / Scopus)



  • The SCOPUS CiteScore of the IJCC has improved from 0.45 (2013) to 2.3 (2019).

  • SCOPUS JOURNAL RANK (CiteScore Rank) of IJCC has improved from 202nd position (2013) to 99th position (2019) (out of 685 Law/Criminology Journals).

  • The Journal has improved from Quartile 3 (49 percentile) in 2013 to Quartile 1 (85 percentile) in the Scopus Journal Rank 2019. (Best Quartile)

  • The Journal has improved from Quartile 3 in 2013 to Quartile 1 in the SCImago Journal Rank 2020. (Best Quartile)


Benefits of publishing in IJCC

  • All content is free.

  • No page/publication or article processing (APC) charges. Authors need not pay for the publication of their articles.

  • Publishing in a ranked journal indexed by the prestigious Scopus.

  • Fast submission and review (double blind) process.

  • Research reaches the community in a timely manner.

  • Guaranteed quality - peer review managed by top international reviewers.

  • High readership visibility.



Abstracting and Indexing

IJCC is Abstracted/Indexed in SCOPUS (Elsevier), Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI is a new index in the Web of Science of Clarivate Analytics), European Reference Index for the Humanities and the Social Sciences (ERIH PLUS), EBSCO Criminal Justice Abstracts, ProQuest Criminal Justice Periodicals Index, Journal Guide, Directory of Open Access Journals, Index Copernicus International, NCJRS Abstract Database, Index of Information Systems Journals, Questia, Prescopus™ (Russia) and MIAR - Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals.



Listing Directories and Libraries

IJCC is listed in University Grants Comission (UGC, India) CARE, The SCImago Journal & Country Rank, Lexis Nexis, Citefactor, Journal Database (Zurich Open Repository and Archive), Sherpa/Romeo, WorldCat, ROAD, the Directory of Open Access scholarly Resources, Google Scholar, Cabells Directories,  J V Barry Library Australian Institute of Criminology, Australian Institute of Police Management Library,  University of Portsmouth Library, Stanford University Libraries, NCAC Child Abuse Library Online (CALiO™), Institute of Science and Technology Austria | Library, Electronic equipment Magazines library, Berlin, University of KwaZulu Natal Libraries, University of the West Library, Edmonton Public Library, UTS Library, GSI Repository,, and SUNCAT.



Creative Commons License

IJCC articles are published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, at the free choice of the authors. Under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, share alike, for non-commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. This license does not permit commercial exploitation without specific permission. (read full legal code).



Statement of Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice
The International Journal of Cyber Criminology is committed to the academic community and the lay world in ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles in publication. Plagiarism is strictly condemned and papers found to be plagiarized will be removed or not published in the International Journal of Cyber Criminology. While signing the publication agreement the author(s) have to warrant that the article and associated materials are original and it does not infringe the copyright of anyone. Also the authors have to warrant that there was a full consensus of all the authors and it was neither submitted nor published previously.



Submission of Manuscripts

IJCC welcomes articles throughout the year. The IJCC encourages quality scholarship articles from relevant academic disciplines as well as from practitioners in the private and public sector. IJCC is receptive to scholarship coming from a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodological approaches. All research should be understood and examined through a transnational perspective. Articles previously published or submitted for publication in any other journal will not be accepted. All articles must be grounded on relevant and recent scholarship in the fields of our interest. All manuscripts will undergo double blind review by two or more reviewers.

All manuscripts must be submitted in American Psychological Association (APA) 7th edition, 2nd printing (© 2019) Publication Manual style format. A sample paper of APA 7th Edition is available here.  Please follow APA guidelines for Manuscript Preparation, including title page for blind review, referencing, and tables and figures. 

The minimum word limit is 5000 words and maximum length should not exceed twenty five pages (8000 words), including references, notes and illustrations. If required, we may take papers that are more than 8000 words. Please avoid endnotes however, footnotes are encouraged. References in the notes should conform to the mode specified in APA Style.

Each manuscript must be accompanied by a statement that it has not been published elsewhere and that it has not been submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources and are required to sign an agreement for the transfer of copyright to the publisher. Rights of manuscripts, artwork, and photographs has to be transferred to the publisher, upon the acceptance of the paper for final publication.


Manuscripts should be submitted as an MS Word attachment (no other formats will be accepted) to the manuscript submission & peer-review system (The link is available by clicking the image ABOVE). When you visit the above link you have to create an account to submit your manuscript and the details are at that link. Only submissions via the online submission system will be accepted. Please don't submit your articles via email. Hard copy submissions will not be processed.


If you have any issues in the online submission, please feel free to contact the Managing Editor Dr. Philip N. Ndubueze at

The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to edit submissions, if accepted for publication. Every effort will be made to inform contributors of the outcome of the peer review process in a timely manner. The review process is via e-mail, and should take no more than 3 to 6 months.



For Email correspondence:
Prof. K. Jaishankar


International Journal of Cyber Criminology

Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India


Editorial Board

K. Jaishankar                       Editor- in- Chief

Susan Brenner                        Chief Editorial Advisor

Philip N. Ndubueze                       Managing Editor

Michael Pittaro                       Associate Editor

Debarati Halder                       Associate Editor (Book Reviews)

Leepaxi Gupta                       Editorial Assistant

Editorial Advisory Board


Adam Bossler, USA

Ahmed Patel,  Ireland
Ana I. Cerazo,  Spain
Barbara Vettori, Italy

Bernard H. Levin,  USA
Bernard Jouga,  France
Catherine D. Marcum, USA

Chi Sung Laih  Taiwan
Chris Magee, UK
Craig Webber, UK

David G. Post, USA
David S. Wall,  UK
Dianne Martin  USA, UAE
Dorothy E. Denning,  USA
Fawn T. Ngo, USA

George E. Higgins, USA

Georgios A. Antonopoulos, UK Gillian Dempsey,  Australia
Gráinne Kirwan, Ireland

Gregor Urbas, Australia
Henry Pontell, USA
Ibrahim Baggili, UAE

Jayne A. Hitchcock, USA
Johnny Nhan, USA

José R. Agustina, Spain

Joseph Migga Kizza,  USA
Jung-Shian Li, Taiwan
Justin W. Patchin,  USA
Kimberly Young, USA
Kim-Kwang Raymond Choo, 

                     USA/ Australia

Kyung-shick Choi, USA

Liz Butterfield, New Zealand
P. Madhava Soma Sundaram,  
Majid Yar, UK
Marcus Rogers, USA
Marjie T. Britz, USA
Maura Conway, Ireland
Mikhail Atallah,  USA
Monika T. Whitty, Australia / UK

Mourad Debbabi, Canada
Nimrod Kozlovski, Israel
Orly Turgeman Goldschmidt,      


Peter Grabosky, Australia
Phil Attfield, USA
Roderic Broadhurst, Australia
Robert G. Morris, USA

Russell Smith, Australia
Sameer Hinduja, USA
Sam McQuade, USA
Seymour E. Goodman, USA
Steven M. Abrams, USA
Thomas J. Holt, USA
Vladimir Golubev,  Ukraine
William P. Bloss, USA

Whitney DeCamp, USA



  • © 2021 International Journal of Cyber Criminology. IJCC articles are published under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (read full legal code). This means that people are free to share and adapt the content of this website and articles as long as attribution and included changes are provided, it is released non-commercially, and shared under the same license. For commercial exploitation of the articles and the website contents, third parties should seek permission from the Editor-in-Chief/Publisher.

  • Disclaimer: IJCC is a not for profit, open access, online only journal. Opinions expressed in this Journal are those of the author(s) and no official endorsement by the Publisher / Editor(s) / employing establishment of the Publisher / Editor(s) is intended or should be inferred. Any issue of plagiarism or copyright violation will be the sole responsibility of the Authors(s) and not of the Publisher / Editor(s) / employing establishment of the Publisher / Editor(s).

  • The publisher of International Journal of Cyber Criminology is K. Jaishankar and not his employing establishment.

  • Diamond open access Web Journal created, published, edited and maintained by K. Jaishankar   

  • Last updated 20/05/2021

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